Counseling Today, Features

Interstate compact plan provides hope for licensure portability

By Laurie Meyers April 8, 2020

In an increasingly mobile society, it is not unusual for professionals in many fields to relocate for career or personal reasons. For those in professions such as human resources, information technology, publications and numerous other fields, moving to another area usually requires only a new employer. In fact, many professionals need not even seek a new office because they can telecommute.

But for professional counselors, moving requires obtaining licensure again in their new state. Because individual state requirements for licensure vary widely — particularly in the number of graduate semester hours, required coursework, number of hours of post-master’s supervised counseling experience, and examination requirements — it can be difficult and time-consuming for counselors to transfer their licenses. Additionally, most states also require that counselors be licensed in the same state in which their clients reside, which limits practitioners’ ability to provide therapy via telebehavioral health. Being unable to counsel from a distance doesn’t just limit counselors’ potential practice avenues but also often forces clients who move to seek a new mental health practitioner.

The American Counseling Association has long considered lack of licensure portability to be one of the most critical issues facing the counseling profession. The Building Blocks to Portability Project was one of the major initiatives to come out of 20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling, a yearslong strategic planning effort co-sponsored by ACA and the American Association of State Counseling Boards that involved 31 major counseling organizations. In June 2016, the ACA Governing Council passed the ACA Licensure Portability Model, which said:

“A counselor who is licensed at the independent practice level in their home state and who has no disciplinary record shall be eligible for licensure at the independent practice level in any state or U.S. jurisdiction in which they are seeking residence. The state to which the licensed counselor is moving may require a jurisprudence examination based on the rules and procedures of that state.”

However, to allow for true portability, individual state licensing boards nationwide would have needed to adopt the ACA model. Based on input received from state licensing boards, ACA eventually decided that the most effective way to achieve portability was through the creation of an interstate compact.

The compact “won’t be ACA’s plan or any other group’s [plan],” says Lynn Linde, ACA’s chief knowledge and learning officer and staff point person for the interstate compact project. “What is being proposed is what we expect the licensing boards will agree to given their input. That’s why it’s the best option.”

How an interstate compact would work

What, exactly, is being proposed? According to Linde, states that join a compact would be agreeing to accept the credentials of professional counselors who are licensed in another state. Individual state licensing boards would be allowed to impose additional requirements such as a jurisprudence exam or an FBI background check, but the compact would not change professional counselors’ scope of practice, Linde explains. Individual counselors would be required to hold a valid license from the state of their legal residence. Counselors could then apply to the compact to be licensed to practice in other states that have agreed to participate in the compact.

Although the process sounds relatively simple, implementing the interstate compact for portability is a multiyear process. In January 2019, ACA signed a contract with the Council of State Governments’ (CSG) National Center for Interstate Compacts (NCIC) to conduct the work. NCIC has divided the project into three phases:

  • Phase I: Developing the compact. This involves creation of an advisory group, drawing up a draft compact and getting feedback on the draft from all of the groups involved.
  • Phase II: Implementing the compact. During this phase, an online compact resource kit will be developed, along with a legislative strategy, including a national legislative briefing.
  • Phase III: Establishing the commission that will oversee and coordinate the compact.

(For more detailed information on the interstate compact process, access a fact sheet at on ACA’s website.)

Where are we now?

In October 2019, the advisory group, composed of ACA members, representatives from state licensing boards, state legislators, and attorneys for state licensing boards, met in person. Follow-up phone meetings were held in November, December, January and February. During these calls, the advisory group members had an opportunity to further discuss how they wanted to handle specific elements of the compact and talk with representatives of other compacts, Linde says.

A drafting team, composed primarily of lawyers who serve on the advisory group, lawyers from NCIC, and several other professionals who have specific expertise in licensure requirements, has been created and was scheduled to meet in March, Linde says. The goal is to produce a draft compact by May or June of this year. The draft will go back to the advisory group for review and then enter the formal CSG compact stakeholder review — an eight-week process for gathering feedback from state licensing boards, state legislatures, and state and national membership organizations. The drafting team will review the feedback and make any needed changes. The updated draft will then be presented to the advisory group, which will either endorse it or make further changes.

Once the advisory group endorses the final version, the plan will be presented to the states and phase II, the legislative process of implementing the compact, will begin. (Visit for more detailed information about the drafting and implementation process.)

Phase II is expected to run from September 2020 through March 2023. Phase III is projected to take place from April 2023 to September 2023.



For more details on the compact project, see the ACA webinar “Interstate Compacts for Professional Counseling: The Pathway to Licensure Portability


Laurie Meyers is a senior writer at Counseling Today. Contact her at


Opinions expressed and statements made in articles appearing on CT Online should not be assumed to represent the opinions of the editors or policies of the American Counseling Association.


    1. Lynn Linde

      We don’t really have a list of the states that are interested yet, as it’s still early in the process. But I do think in a strange way the pandemic has clearly illuminated the deficits in our mental health delivery system, particularly around telebehavioral health, which is included in the compact. I would expect moving forward that many more states will be interested.

  1. Linda

    With an interstate compact, “Individual counselors would be required to hold a valid license from the state of their legal residence.” How does this help counselors who have to relocate?

    1. Lynn Linde

      The Compact is designed to address the issue of working across state lines and telebehavioral health to improve access to services. It does not specifically address relocating, with the exception of military spouses. However, if you hold a privilege to practice in that state through the compact, it would likely expedite the process of obtaining a license from that state.

  2. John Condron

    It seems like we have been talking about portability for as long as I can remember — and that is a very long time in my case. What is the holdup? Who is opposed to this?

    1. Counseling Today

      Counselors can encourage the compact process in many ways. We encourage ACA members to contact their local ACA branch to get involved throughout the advocacy process once we have a finished final draft of the compact.
      Currently, Council of State Governments (CSG) is in need of feedback during the stakeholder review process. To take part in that process, please email: Once CSG completes this process, we can expect online advocacy resources to be available to the public by the end of November.

  3. Karen

    I’ve not yet heard anyone address the issue of potential bias in the current system when discussing the need for licensure portability. The more time has passed since a counselor graduated and then obtained their initial state license, the more changes there have been in the regulations. Because of that, older, more experienced counselors are at the most significant disadvantage when applying for licensure in another state.

  4. Trish Blecich

    This link is broken, please repost! As many of us are, I’m anxious to hear what, if any, progress has been made towards portability and/or reciprocity. The pandemic has made stark the need for increased access to professional counselors and allied healthcare providers.
    Thee pandemic by definition is unconcerned with geography, nor should the access to/provision of clinical services. There will be no greater need for counselors willing and able to provide these services. Regulatory bodies and lawmakers MUST reflect the urgency. So many state agencies are scrambling to accommodate and modify licensure requirements for out of state healthcare workers; is this not duplicative of what we’ve been advocating for nearly 20 years? It seems that we need less of a reinvented wheel and more decisive action on the part of leadership.

  5. ann onymous

    Another two years for a compact? What is the hold up? A handful of States welcomed counselors with reciprocity with a six month time frame. People no longer stay in one state. This is supposed to be the Land of the Free. Where’s the freedom? I think a better route is to pressure Congress to view this through the obstruction of Interstate Commerce laws.

  6. Sheri

    I am an American in NJ at the end of the pandemic. I am outraged that in seeking counseling (now) from a certain group in Florida, that I am not allowed to, even though teleconferencing is available. I literally have to travel to Florida, and then use the internet. Ironically, in-person visits aren’t allowed yet due to covid. I thought America was better than this.

    1. Counseling Today

      Sheri, Counselor licenses are issued state-by-state, and that means that a counselor is limited to treating clients who are located in the state where they are licensed. This is a complex issue that the Counseling Compact aims to improve (both for counselors and clients).
      We recommend that you reach out to the New Jersey Counseling Association ( to find a practitioner in your local area.
      Or, call the NAMI Helpline for support: 1-800-950-NAMI (6264).

    1. Counseling Today

      Currently, the Counseling Compact does not include LMFTs. The compact covers counselors who are licensed by their states as LPCs or whatever license the state uses for clinical counselors. In most states, MFTs are licensed separately.
      For more information, see (You can also ask questions via the “contact us” tab at that website)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *